Letter expresses “the deep concerns of numerous investors”
Responsible Investor hereby publishes a recent investor letter to the BRT (Business Roundtable) about shareholder resolutions.
Mr. Joshua Bolton
President and CEO
The Business Roundtable
300 New Jersey Avenue, Suite 800
Washington, DC 20001
Dear Mr. Bolton:
We are writing to express the deep concerns of numerous investors regarding the Business Roundtable’s active campaign to effectively end the ability of most investors to file shareholder resolutions for a vote at corporate annual general meetings.
Earlier this year, the Business Roundtable (BRT) sent a letter to the Trump Administration highlighting sixteen regulations that the organization thought were “of most concern” to its members, noting that the regulations “directly and negatively impact economic growth.” One of those was the shareholder proposal process, characterized by BRT as permitting “activist investors with insignificant stakes in public companies [to] make shareholder proposals that pursue social or political agendas unrelated to the interests of the shareholders as a whole.” The BRT also issued a statement after the House’s passage of the Financial CHOICE Act highlighting your support for the Act’s proposed revisions to Rule 14a-8. We believe the rule plays a unique and positive role in addressing a wide range of long-term risks and opportunities in the business community.
The BRT’s proposal to eviscerate shareholders’ ability to file resolutions is founded upon a number of inaccuracies and false assumptions. We urge you to review the premises on which this proposal is based.
Shareholder proposals are routinely sponsored by prominent fiduciaries like the public pension plans of California, New York State, New York City, and Connecticut; foundations; labor funds; faith-based institutional investors; and SEC-registered investment advisers, including mutual fund and other asset managers. Dismissing these institutions as “activist investors with insignificant stakes” is factually incorrect and disrespectful. These are fiduciaries, acting to address long-term risks on behalf of their clients, participants and beneficiaries.
BRT’s statement that shareholder resolution sponsors pursue “social or political agendas unrelated to the interests of the shareholders as a whole” is directly at odds with numerous public statements and commitments made by your own corporate members that recognize the strong link between business success and social and environmental sustainability.
In the vast majority of cases, shareholders file proposals with companies to encourage better performance in areas that contribute to long-term shareholder value. Numerous resolutions now garner majority support and many get votes in the 30-50 percent range, demonstrating that these issues resonate with shareholders who see them as in “their interest” and worthy of support.
Several other points are noteworthy:
Most shareholder proposals present a strong business rationale. For instance, one governance topic, board diversity, has been a popular focus of shareholder proposals over the past two decades. There is a substantial and growing body of literature showing that diverse boards make better decisions, and are value enhancing for investors. Examples include research by Credit Suisse, Morgan Stanley, McKinsey, and numerous academic institutions. Shareholder proposals often played an important role in encouraging companies to review their board composition and increase board diversity.
Another frequent topic is reporting on and managing risks related to climate change, which accounted for approximately 69 resolutions filed in 2017, according to the law firm Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher.1 The costs to the global economy of ignoring the possibility of catastrophic climate change run into the trillions of dollars according to sources like Ernst & Young and the London School of Economics. That will affect the fortunes of countless companies and their investors if not addressed effectively. Companies that are leaders in assessing and managing climate risks outperformed their peers substantially, according to a report by Bloomberg. Investors clearly expressed the financial relevance of this issue through recent votes on shareholder proposals addressing climate change at Occidental Petroleum and ExxonMobil, which received 67 percent and 62 percent of the vote, respectively.
Similar resolutions on climate change that were filed at approximately one dozen other companies also received high shareholder support levels. According to Gibson Dunn, proposals asking companies to “review and report on climate related risks” averaged 46 percent support, and proposals seeking a review and report on greenhouse gas emissions averaged 30 percent according to EY.
Moreover, the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate Related Disclosures just issued its recommendations, which were endorsed by the CEOs of Bank of America, Citigroup, JetBlue Airways, Johnson Controls, PepsiCo and many other leading corporations and investors.
These examples underscore our point that the shareholder resolution process cannot and should not be dismissed as driven by special interest shareholders with no financial stakes in the market.
Furthermore, companies are not being overburdened by a flood of shareholder resolutions. There are approximately 4,300 publicly traded companies on the U.S. exchanges and in 2017 Gibson Dunn estimates there were about 830 proposals filed, of which less than 440 went to a vote. Since many companies receive more than one resolution, a significant majority of companies did not receive any shareholder resolutions.
We are encouraged by the increasing conviction on the part of the business community that leadership in sustainability is good for long-term financial value. We believe that the shareholder resolution process has contributed positively in this regard. Thousands of companies:
– Report on their sustainability and corporate responsibility programs;
- Have adopted proxy access bylaw provisions, allowing investor nominees to the board to appear on the proxy statement alongside the board’s own nominees;
- Promote diversity programs and commit to non-discrimination in employment;
- Publicly disclose greenhouse gas emissions and their plans to reduce emissions as a contribution to combatting climate change.
Measures such as these are associated with financial outperformance as well. There are hundreds of academic and financial studies supporting this point. For instance, Bank of America’s December 2016 report concludes that ESG metrics are “strong indicators of future volatility, earnings risk, price declines and bankruptcies.”2 A meta-study3 that incorporated the results of more than 2,000 academic papers noted that approximately 90% of the studies reviewed concluded that the relationship between corporate financial
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