Australian and Canadian pension funds have been pioneers in infrastructure investing since the early 1990s. They also have the highest asset allocation to infrastructure around the globe today. The ‘Canadian model’ and the (new) ‘Australian model’ of infrastructure pose a challenge to the ‘private equity model’, dominant in Europe and the USA. This new paper compares and contrasts the experience of institutional investors in the two countries looking at factors such as infrastructure policies, the pension system, investment strategies and governance of pension funds. Important lessons can be learnt by both policy makers and investors. Inderst, G. and R. Della Croce (2013), “Pension Fund Investment in Infrastructure: A Comparison Between Australia and Canada”, OECD Working Papers on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions, No. 32, OECD Publishing.