After decades of decline, global hunger has increased for the third year in a row. There are now over 820 million chronically hungry people in the world. At the same time, the diets of almost half of the world’s population do not meet even the most basic nutritional needs. This means that progress on Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG2) — to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture — is actually going in reverse.
This challenge is made both more urgent and more difficult by climate change. Agriculture is both a major contributor of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (up to 25 percent) and is highly susceptible to its effects, with smallholder farmers being hit first and hardest as extreme weather events increase.Download PDF