HomeRI ResourceAXA Investment ManagersThe circular economy: A potential value driver across industries
Research and White Paper

Our ‘take-make-dispose’ approach to production and consumption has become a threat to the planet and to well-functioning economies. Over the last 50 years, natural resource extraction has tripled, and the rate of extraction has been accelerating since the year 2000. In 2019, more than 90 billion tonnes of materials were  extracted and processed, contributing to about half of global CO2  emissions and responsible for about 90% of biodiversity loss and water stress.